It appears that there’s a provision in the latest Senate highway bill that would prevent anyone owing more than $50,000 from leaving the country. The IRS would provide passport officials with names of people that owe the Treasury Department and prevent them from leaving the country. Technically, the IRS would file a public lien or assess a levy and that would trigger the notification. If that person is on a payment plan and making on-time payments, they wouldn’t be included.
It’s an interesting provision and while it’s likely legal, it wasn’t in the House version of the bill so it might be removed on reconciliation (assuming it passes the Senate). I’m all for anything that makes people pay what they owe but this seems like a lot of additional work.